Baalbek (Arabic: بعلبك‎) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 1,170 metres (3,840 ft), situated east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, when Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire. It is Lebanon's greatest Roman treasure, and it can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world. It contains the largest and most noble Roman temples ever built, and they are among the best preserved. Towering high above the Beqaa plain, their monumental proportions proclaimed the power and wealth of Imperial Rome. The gods worshiped here, the Triad of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are also seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design. Baalbek is home to the annual Baalbeck International Festival. The town is about 85 km (53 mi) northeast of Beirut, and about 75 km (47 mi) north of Damascus. It has a population of approximately 72,000. The history settlement in the area of Baalbek dates back about 9000...


  • Old and new as families mark Eid

    The Lebanon Daily Star 1 day ago
    BEIRUT/TRIPOLI/HABBOUSH: Salma Maliki knew by the smell of her mother's kitchen that Eid al-Fitr was on its way. The buttery warm scent of sugar, mastic and vanilla that rose from the oven and filled the house hinted ...
  • Army combs border for Syria infiltrators

    The Lebanon Daily Star 1 week ago
    BEIRUT -- Airborne troops conducted thorough searches along the eastern mountain range bordering Syria Wednesday, as part of measures to curb infiltration of the porous border by gunmen and arms. The National News Agency (NNA) said the combing operations were carried ...
  • Watchmen guard Ras Baalbek against attacks

    The Lebanon Daily Star 1 week ago
    RAS BAALBEK, Lebanon -- Hikmat Samhan remembers fondly the cave of St. Nicholas nestled in the rocky hills on the borders of his Christian village. Pregnant women trekked there to gain the blessings of its water, he said. However, Samhan no ...
  • Gheorghiu asks Baalbeck to relocate concert

    The Lebanon Daily Star 1 week ago
    BEIRUT -- The organizing committee of Lebanon's Baalbeck International Festival announced Friday evening that a performance by Romanian soprano Angela Gheorghiu scheduled to take place at Baalbek's Bacchus Temple Aug. 3 had been relocated to Jounieh's Casino du ...
  • Major terrorist attack on Lebanon thwarted

    The Lebanon Daily Star 1 week ago
    HERMEL, Lebanon -- The Lebanese Army deployed heavily Saturday along the Lebanese-Syrian border in the northern Bekaa valley region, hours after a report emerged that a major terrorist attack was thwarted. A security source told The Daily Star that the Army ...
  • Hezbollah suffers casualties in fight to root out rebels

    The Lebanon Daily Star 2 weeks ago
    HERMEL, Lebanon -- Further fighting broke out Monday night along the Lebanese-Syrian border following fierce battles which flared over the weekend between Syrian rebels and Hezbollah as the group seeks to root out the last opposition fighters from the region. At ...

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