Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde, Salgado y Pardo de Andrade (4 December 1892 in Ferrol – 20 November 1975 in Madrid), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced [fɾanˈθisko ˈfɾaŋko]) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was the dictator and Head of State of Spain from October 1936, and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. His rule was known for a focus on Spanish nationalism, right wing and traditional values.
Franco initially led a notable military career and reached the rank of General. He fought in Morocco and suppressed a strike in 1934 to defend the stability of the Republican government. In February 1936, the left-wing Popular Front won the general election and formed a government. A period of severe instability and disarray followed the election, with escalating violence and distrust between left and right wing supporters. Anti-clerical violence against the Church by leftist militants raised tensions, while the government distrusted both its extreme supporters on the left and sections of the military. After the assassination of a major opposition figure, José Calvo Sotelo, by a commando unit of
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